The Serengeti National Park covers an area of 14 750 km² and is continuous with the Masai Mara and the Ngorongoro Crater Conservation area. The Serengeti is generally broken up into three areas namely: The Serengeti Plains which is characterised by open flat grasslands with small granite kopjes jutting out of the flat earth at random spots. The predators love using these kopjes as look out points to find their next meal. The second region is called the western corridor which is characterised by black clay soil which covers the swampy savannah. The Grumeti River runs through this area with huge crocodiles and hippos at home in the river. Thirdly the northern Serengeti is characterised by open woodlands and hills which is an excellent area to find elephant and giraffe.
Game viewing in the Serengeti is second to none. Definitely well worth a visit.
The Ngorongoro Crater is part of the Ngorongoro Crater conservation area and borders on the Serengeti. The crater itself is a extinct volcanic caldera which erupted and then imploded on itself. It is the biggest intact and unfilled caldera in the world. The walls of the crater reach heights of 610 meters and the floor covers an area of 260km². There are no lodges inside the crater and all visitors are only allowed in at sunrise and need to exit by sunset.
The crater is home to a large variety of animals – the wildebeest and zebra in the crater do not join in with the migration as there is enough food and water all year round. The crater has a large salt lake called Lake Magadi, two small wooded areas, there are also numerous natural springs which provide fresh water for the animals. Most of the crater is made up of grasslands though.
The scenery is spectacular and the game viewing is also excellent.